Bone Augmentation

Bone grafting (bone augmentation) is the transfer of bone tissue from another location within the body (autogenous bone), the insertion of a natural replacement material (allogenic bone), or even the use of a synthetic (artificial (xenogenic) bone) source to an oral site where it is needed after bone volume loss. It is also possible to blend a patient’s bone with a natural or artificial bone resource to restore the original contour of the jawbone and so prepare for a dental implant.

Bone grafting (bone augmentation) is the transfer of bone tissue from another location within the body (autogenous bone), the insertion of a natural replacement material (allogenic bone), or even the use of a synthetic (artificial (xenogenic) bone) source to an oral site where it is needed after bone volume loss. It is also possible to blend a patient’s bone with a natural or artificial bone resource to restore the original contour of the jawbone and so prepare for a dental implant.

This surgery can be necessary if an implant is needed but the current volume of your jawbone is not strong enough to support one if fitted. Bone grafting can be performed on the upper or lower jaws and is often conducted on an outpatient basis, under local anesthetic at our ultramodern clinic. The range of bone grafting procedures offered in our clinic from the straightforward to the more complex is enough to solve 99.9 % of all implant and bone augmentation cases.

Before recommending dental implants, our dental professionals carefully assess the jawbone volume available for the successful placement of the fixtures using radiographs and where necessary CT scans by referral.  When teeth are lost, the surrounding bone starts to resorb as it is no longer in use. When this happens, the volume of bone available to place implants into may be inadequate. If this happens, it’s integral for the bone to be built back up, before or during implant placement. The sooner that you replace a missing tooth, the less likely you will require a bone graft. As always, our implant dentistry team will guide you through the process, informing you about everything you need to know before treatment.

Why Do I Need Bone Grafting?

Bone Grafting is used to prepare a site for dental implants that are needed to replace a missing tooth or teeth. In an area where teeth have been lost, bone naturally shrinks or resorbs over time, both in height and width. As a result, new bone must be grafted to create a secure site for placing implants and to achieve aesthetic results. Bone Grafting can also be used to save teeth that have experienced bone loss because of gum disease.

Bone Loss Can Be Caused By:

  • The loss of a tooth
  • Localized infection
  • Gum disease
  • Trauma
placing bone tissue for dental bone graft
bone graft for dental implant model

 

 

Where Does Grafted Bone Come From?

For years, the bone needed for a Bone Grafting procedure had to be taken from another part of your jaw or body, requiring additional surgery. Today, bone grafting materials may be used in place of your bone, with no additional surgery required. Commercially available bone grafts are derived from human donors, animal bone, or synthetic (man-made) bone. During the healing process, the graft material is intended to act as a scaffold and be replaced by your own newly regenerated bone.

What’s the process?

The process of bone augmentation can vary from patient to patient. Bone augmentation, also known as bone grafting, is generally a painless and minimally invasive treatment. Good, advanced management of the bony implant foundation can minimize problems further down the line. Sometimes it may be beneficial for our specialists to perform bone augmentation at the same time as tooth extraction. This is extremely helpful in many circumstances, for example: when another treatment is required elsewhere in the mouth which delays implant placement; placing implants in individuals with high smiles lines and high aesthetic demands in the anterior zone, or preserving bone in patients who are unsure if they wish to have an implant placed. More commonly, bone augmentation in Happy Smile Clinics is performed at the time of implant placement surgery. Bone grafting has now become almost routine in dental implant treatment and the overall costs have reduced considerably. Once we’ve got the bone back in place and where it should be, depending on the size and type of graft, it can take anywhere from four to six months to be ready for the next stage of treatment, be it implant placement or preparing the implant fixture to receive the planned restoration on top. There are several different bone augmentation strategies that we can use to achieve the desired results e.g., ridge expansion and sinus lift. We will decide on the best method to use depending on your current circumstances to see what’s right for you. Following your bone augmentation procedure, our dental professionals will give you tailored and detailed advice to enable you to take the best possible oral care around the site of surgery.  We may recommend a mouthwash that helps to fight off bacterial infections and keep your mouth as clean as possible. We’ll also guide you through the foods that we recommend you steer away from, at least in the early stages. All guidance will be based on allowing your bone augmentation to heal as quickly as possible.

How Can I Reduce the Risk of Bone Loss in The Future?

The risk of bone loss can be reduced by replacing lost teeth quickly before a significant bone loss occurs. If you’re not ready for dental implants at the time that your teeth are lost or removed, our specialists may recommend a Ridge Preservation procedure to maintain the bone in that area until your implants can be placed.

Frequently Asked Questions

Crowns are made from many different materials. Your Dentist can advise you what is best for your teeth and it is also a personal preference depending on how you want the crown to look alongside your other teeth.
 
The most popular materials used are porcelain, composite resins and solid precious metal. Gold and palladium are the metals most commonly used, mainly at the back of the mouth where they can’t be seen.

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